Skip to main content
Home » What's New » How Smoking Impacts Vision

How Smoking Impacts Vision

smoking-harms-eyes_640x350

Smoking harms nearly every system in your body — including your eyes. 

Though we are all aware of the health effects associated with smoking, such as lung cancer, heart disease, and bad teeth, few know about the negative impact it can have on our vision. 

Smoking and Eye Disease 

Smoking, especially 20 cigarettes or more daily over a long period of time, can adversely impact your vision. Cigarette smoke is made up of compounds that can damage health and have been shown to cause cerebral lesions which affect the area of the brain that processes vision.

More specifically, tobacco addiction increases the risk of developing vision-robbing diseases such as macular degeneration (AMD), cataracts, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy. Moreover, smoke is an irritant that can cause or exacerbate dry eye syndrome. Below we'll delve a little further into each of these conditions. 

Age-Related Macular Degeneration 

Smokers run a high risk of developing AMD, a condition that severely impairs central vision, making it difficult or impossible to read, drive, recognize faces and colors, and leads to permanent vision loss in those aged 65 or older. Fortunately, the risk can be dramatically diminished by putting an end to tobacco smoking — even if later in life. 

Cataracts

Heavy smokers double their risk of developing cataracts, the leading cause of blindness. Cataracts are characterized by clouded, blurred or double vision, photophobia, and reduced night vision. However, cataract surgery is common and replaces the clouded lens with an artificial intraocular lens. 

Uveitis

Uveitis, the inflammation of the eye's central layer, is an ocular disease that can lead to blindness. This condition damages important structures of the eye, notably the iris and retina, and can lead to cataracts, glaucoma and retinal detachment. Smokers have a 2.2 times higher risk of developing uveitis than non-smokers. 

Diabetic Retinopathy

Smoking raises one's risk of developing diabetes by up to 40 percent thereby increasing the risk of retinopathy as well. Diabetes damages the blood vessels in the retina, causing them to leak blood into the eye, which — in severe cases — can deprive the retina of oxygen and result in blindness.

Dry Eyes

Dry eye syndrome is a common eye condition characterized by insufficient tears to keep your eye lubricated, or the tears are not composed of the correct balance of water, lipids, and mucous to maintain proper lubrication. Common symptoms include red, itchy, and gritty eyes.

Heavy smokers, and those exposed to secondhand smoke, not only double their risk of developing dry eye but also exacerbate an existing condition, especially among the contact lens wearers.

Secondhand Smoke and Eye Disease 

Secondhand smoke— which includes the smoke that emanates from the end of a cigarette as well as the smoke exhaled— is nearly as harmful to health and vision. Second-hand smoke places others' eyesight in danger, particularly in young children and infants. Furthermore, studies indicate that women who smoke during pregnancy put the newborn baby at risk of being born with eye disease or visual impairment that could affect his or her ability to learn.

Stop Smoking to Save Your Vision

The good news is that giving up smoking can have an immediate effect on your health — and it’s never too late to quit! Once the habit is broken, your body will begin to repair itself to prevent vision loss. It can be challenging to quit, as it requires dedication, support, and advanced planning. Dan Bristol and the rest of the staff at Bristol Family Eyecare in Bee Cave care about your health and will be happy to provide any assistance or resources to help you quit smoking and improve your eye health. Keep in mind that if you smoke, quitting smoking is the most important step you can take to protect your health and vision.

x

With a heavy heart, we are informing you that we have decided to close our office for all care other then for urgent/emergency visits until further notice. This closure is in alignment with the CDC and AOA recommendations for Optometry during the COVID-19 outbreak.

We will continue to monitor our phones and email: admin@bristolfamilyeyecare.com and will respond to you in a timely manner. Dr. Bristol will be available for virtual visits through the app Eyecarelive as well as by appointment for in-office care for emergency needs.

https://apps.apple.com/us/app/eyecarelive/id1082966035

Staff will be available for product pickup from 9am-1pm for the remainder of this week. Call us when you arrive at the office and we will take your items to the foyer for you to pick up. Unfortunately, we will not be able to do any adjustments to glasses at this time. After Friday 3/27 we will continue to be available for pickup by appointment only.

We understand that you may have missed your yearly appointment and have a need for contact lenses. We are extending contact lens prescriptions for all current patients for an additional 6 months. Just call us at 512-263-3937 and we can get your order placed and shipped directly to your home for free!

If you need glasses at this time, we can remake a pair of glasses from your previous order.

Please understand that we are constantly monitoring this situation and will open our doors to resume business as soon as we are allowed. The health and safety of our patients and our team are of the upmost importance to us.

Sincerely,

Bristol Family Eyecare